Unit Load Device

Unit Load Device (ULD) are specially made containers and pallets to transport cargo via air. All the air freights, mails, and other luggage stuffed in these containers and load them to the cargo belly of airplanes or to the air freighters.

International Air Transport Association (IATA) is responsible to design the ULD and implement rules and regulations related to them. These containers have a big say in the safety of the airplane while on air. So it is very crucial to have a better understanding of how to pack cargo into the ULD and to know the correct methods of handling them.

Unit Load Devices are useful as cargo can bundle and load into them. So the number of cargo handling reduces when loading and unloading to and from the aircraft.

Both unit load device containers and unit load device pallets are made with aluminum or combination of aluminum and Lexan.

What is ULD number?

Same as the intermodal containers, unit load devices have a ULD number to identify them. First 3 letter prefix identifies the type of container 4 or 5 numbers after the prefix is a unique number to identify the specific container. The two letter suffix is to identify the ULD owner.

What is ULD Management?

Same as in shipping, airplanes also should have a stowage plan on how to load the unit load devices to the airplane. Proper planning of the ULD loading plan is called ULD management. Airlines have ULD managers to carry out this job. It is their responsibility to make sure cargo belly space is fully utilized and cargo stuffed in the air freight containers and pallets effectively.

Air Cargo Container

Air cargo container is another name for the ULD or unit load device.

Unit Load Device Types and Specifications

We have listed below the different types of unit load devices and the useful information related to them.

LD-1

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-1

IATA ULD code: AKC contoured container

Also known as: AVC, AVD, AVK, AVJ, and forkable AVY

Rate class: Type 8

Description: Half-width lower hold container with one angled side. Door is either canvas or solid.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 58 x 61-in (147 x 155-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 1,588 kg (3,501 lb)

Tare weight: 70 to 170-kg (155 to 375-lb)

AS1825 volume: 5.0 m3 (175 ft3)

LD-2

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-2

IATA ULD code: DPE contoured container

Also known as: APA, DPA, and forkable DPN

Rate class: Type 8D

Description: Half-width lower hold container with one angled side. Door is either canvas or solid.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787 lower hold

Door opening: 44 x 60-in (112 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 1,225 kg (2,700 lb)

Tare weight: 92 kg (203 lb)

AS1825 volume: 3.5 m3 (124 ft3)

LD-3

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-3

IATA ULD code: AKE contoured container

Also known as: AKE, AVA, AVB, AVC, AVK, DVA, DVE, DVP, XKS, XKG, and forkable AKN, AVN, DKN, DVN, and XKN

Rate class: Type 8

Description: Half-width lower hold container with one angled side. Door is either canvas or solid.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 58 x 61-in (147 x 155-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 1,588 cm (3,500 lb)

Tare weight: 82 kg (181 lb)

AS1825 volume: 4.5 m3 (159 ft3)

LD-3 Reefer

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-3 reefer

IATA ULD code: RKN contoured cool container

Also known as: RVN

Rate class: Type 8

Description: Half-width lower hold insulated container with one angled end. Door is solid. Most examples are forkable.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 54 x 55-in (137 x 140-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 1,588 cm (3,500 lb)

Tare weight: 210 kg (463 lb)

AS1825 volume: 4.5 m3 (159 ft3) plus internal volume (as is)

Half pallet

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device Half Pallet

IATA ULD code: PNA 767 half pallet with net

Also known as: PQP, FQF, and PPC

Rate class: Type 8

Description: Half pallet squared off for 767 lower hold Suitable for: 767, 787 lower hold

Maximum gross weight: 2,449 kg (5,399 lb)

Tare weight: 83 kg (183 lb)

AS1825 volume: 5.5 m3 (194 ft3)

Half pallet

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device Half pallet

IATA ULD code: PLA half pallet with net

Also known as: PLB, FLA, P9A, P9B, P9P, P9R, and P9S

Rate class: Type 6

Description: Half pallet is contoured for lower hold and main deck with contoured load

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787 lower hold; 707F, 727F, 737F

Maximum gross weight: 3,175 kg (6,999 lb)

Tare weight: 91 kg (200 lb)

AS1825 volume: 7.1 m3 (250 ft3)

LD-4

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-4

IATA ULD code: ALP rectangular container

Also known as: ALD, AWD, AWZ, DLP, and forkable ALB, ALC, AWB, and AWC

Rate class: Type 8

Description: Full-width lower hold container. Door is canvas with built-in door straps

Suitable for: 767, 777, 787 lower hold

Door opening: 92 x 61-in (234 x 155-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 2,449 kg (5,399 lb)

Tare weight: 120 kg (264 lb)

AS1825 volume: 5.7 m3 (200 ft3)

LD-6

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-6

IATA ULD code: ALF contoured container

Also known as: AWA, AWF, and forkable AWC

Rate class: Type 6W

Description: Full-width lower hold container with angled ends. Door is canvas with built-in door straps.

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 120 x 60-in (305 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 3,175 kg (7,000 lb)

Tare weight: 230 kg (507 lb)

AS1825 volume: 9.1 m3 (322 ft3)

LD-7

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-7

IATA ULD code: P1P flat pallet with net

Also known as: PAA, PAG, PAJ, PAP, PAX, P1A, P1C, P1D,P1G

Rate class: Type 5

Description: Universal general-purpose flat pallet for lower holds and main decks.

Suitable for: Widebody: All aircraft lower holds and main decks

Standard-body: 707F, 727F, 737F, 757F, DC8F, DC9F main decks

Maximum gross weight: 4,626 kg (10,198 lb)

Tare weight: 105 kg (231 lb)

AS1825 volume: 10.5 m3 (370 ft3)

LD-7

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-7 Folding wing

IATA ULD code: PAD P1P pallet with folding wings and net

Also known as: PAX and P1X

Rate class: Type 5

Description: P1P base with folding wings for overhang.

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower holds

Maximum gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)

Tare weight: 152 kg (335 lb)

AS1825 volume: 14.0 m3 (495 ft3)

LD-7

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-7 Fixed wing

IATA ULD code: XAW P1P pallet with fixed-angle wings and net

Rate class: Type 5

Description: P1P base with fixed wings for overhang.

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower holds

Maximum gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)

Tare weight: 170 kg (375 lb)

AS1825 volume: 14.0 m3 (495 ft3)

LD-8

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-8

IATA ULD code: DQF

Also known as: ALE, ALN, DLE, DLF, DQP, and MQP

Rate class: Type 6A

Description: Full-width lower hold container angled at both ends. Door is canvas with built-in door straps.

Suitable for: 767, 787 lower hold

Door opening: 92 x 62-in (234 x 157-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 2,450 kg (5,401 lb)

Tare weight: 127 kg (280 lb)

AS1825 volume: 7.1 m3 (252 ft3)

LD-9

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-9

IATA ULD code: AAP enclosed pallet on P1P base

Rate class: Type 5

Description: General-purpose enclosed container fitted to P1P base. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps, or solid.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 118 x 58 in (300 x 147-cm)

Maximum gross weight: Lower hold, 4,624 kg (10,194 lb); main deck, 6,000 kg (13,227 lb)

Tare weight: Canvas door, 215 kg (473 lb); solid door, 270 kg (595 lb)

AS1825 volume: 10.8 m3 (381 ft3)

LD-9 Reefer

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics
unit load device LD-9 reefer

IATA ULD code: RAP cool container on P1P base

Rate class: Type 5

Description: Insulated container with solid door.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 85 x 58-in (216 x 147-cm)

Maximum gross weight: Lower hold, 4,626 kg (10,198 lb); main deck, 6,000 kg (13,227 lb)

Tare weight: 400 kg (882 lb)

Internal volume: 9.6 m3 (339 ft3)

LD-11

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: ALP rectangular container

Also known as: ALD, AW2, AWB, AWD, AWZ, DLP, DWB, and MWB. Refrigerated version: RWB, RWD, and RWZ.

Rate class: Type 6

Description: Full-width lower hold container. Door is canvas. Center post swings clear for loading. Refrigerated version has solid door.

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 120 x 61-in (305 x 155-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 3,176 kg (7,002 lb)

Tare weight: 185 kg (408 lb)

AS1825 volume: 7.4 m3 (262 ft3)

LD-26

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AAF contoured container on P1P base

Rate class: Type 5

Description: Full-width lower hold container angled at both ends. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps.

Suitable for: 747, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11 lower hold

Door opening: 120 x 60-in (305 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 6,033 kg (13,300 lb)

Tare weight: 250 kg (551 lb)

AS1825 volume: 13.3 m3 (470 ft3)

LD-29

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AAU contoured container on P1P base

Rate class: Type 5

Description: Full-width lower hold container angled at both ends. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps.

Suitable for: 747 lower hold

Door opening: 118 x 60-in (300 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 6,033 kg (13,300 lb)

Tare weight: 265 kg (584 lb)

AS1825 volume: 14.4 m3 (510 ft3)

LD-29

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: RAU contoured cool container on P1P base.

Rate class: Type 5

Description: Full-width lower hold container angled at both ends. Refrigerated version of AAU has solid door.

Suitable for: 747 lower hold

Door opening: 118 x 60-in (300 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 6,033 kg (13,300 lb)

Tare weight: 450 kg (992 lb)

Internal volume: 11.1 m3 (392 ft3)

LD-39

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AMU contoured container on P6P base

Rate class: Type 2BG

Description: Full-width lower hold container angled at both ends. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps.

Suitable for: 747 lower hold

Door opening: 120 x 60-in (305 x 152-cm)

Maximum gross weight: 5,035 kg (11,100 lb)

Tare weight: 290 kg (639 lb)

AS1825 volume: 15.9 m3 (560 ft3)

P6P pallet

Air Freight Container Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: P6P 10-ft flat pallet with net

Rate class: Type 2BG

Description: Universal general-purpose flat pallet for lower holds and main decks.

Suitable for: 747, 767, 777, 787, DC-10, MD-11

Tare weight: 120 kg (265 lb)

Demi

Unit Load Device Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AYY contoured container on half pallet base.

Rate class: Type 7

Description: Half-width main deck container with top contour

Suitable for: 727F, 737F, 757F main deck 747F, 767F, 777F, DC-10F, MD-11F main deck

Maximum gross weight: 3,016 kg (6,649 lb)

Tare weight: 80 kg (176 lb)

AS1825 volume: 5.8 m3 (206 ft3)

Type A pen

Unit Load Device Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: KMA sheep and goat pens on P1P base with net

Rate class: Type 3

Description: Triple-deck sheep and goat pens

Suitable for: Main deck 747F, 767F, 777F, DC-10F, MD-11F

Tare weight: Triple deck, 610 kg (1,344 lb);

AS1825 volume: 15.9 m3 (560 ft3)

HMA stall

Unit Load Device Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: HMA horse box on P6P pallet base

Rate class: Type 2

Description: P6P base with IATA-specified horse box stalls attached. Available with canvas top or solid roof. Some further modified versions available with position for escort.

Suitable for: Main deck 747F, 767F, 777F, DC-10F, MD-11F

Maximum gross weight: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb)

Tare weight: 1,310 kg (2,888 lb)

AS1825 volume: 18.4 m3 (653 ft3)

M-1

Unit Load Devices Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AMA rectangular container on P6P base

Rate class: Type 2

Also known as: AMF, AMG, AMK, AMP, AQA, AQD, and AQ6

Description: Main-deck container. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps.

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi 777F center loading only

Maximum gross weight: 6,804 cm (15,000 lb)

Tare weight: 350 kg (772 lb),

AS1825 volume: 17.6 m3 (623 ft3)

M1H

Unit Load Devices Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AMD contoured

Rate class: Type 2H

Description: Main-deck upper contoured container. Door is canvas with built-in net door straps.

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi ,777F center loading only

Maximum gross weight: 6,800 kg (14,491 lb)

Tare weight: 370 kg (816 lb)

AS1825 volume: 21.2 m3 (750 ft3)

M-2

Unit Load Devices Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: AGA 20-ft box container

Rate class: Type 1

Also known as: ASE

Description: Main-deck container. Door is solid.

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi, 777F center loading only

Maximum gross weight: 11,340 kg (25,000 lb)

Tare weight: 1,000 kg (2,204 lb)

AS1825 volume: 33.7 m3 (1,190 ft3)

Main deck pallet (MDP)

Unit Load Devices Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: PRA 16-ft pallet with net

Rate class: Type 1P

Also known as: PMA, P4A, P4M, and PZA

Description: Main-deck pallet with net

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi, 777F

Maximum gross weight: 11,300 kg (24,911 lb)

Tare weight: 410 kg (904 lb)

AS1825 volume: 27.6 m3 (974 ft3)

M-6

ULD Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: PRA 16-ft flat pallet with twin car racks as VRA

Rate class: Type 1P

Also known as: PMA, P4A, P4M, and PZA

Description: Main-deck pallet with special molding for car rack attachments. The support racks are available in pairs as IATA ULD code VRA.

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi, 777F (center loading only)

Maximum gross weight: 8,900 kg (19,621 lb), vehicle for upper rack must not exceed 1,800 kg (3,968 lb)

Tare weight: 400 kg (882 lb)

Car supports weight: 130 kg (286 lb) per pair

Note: The same system is available for longer vehicles on 20-ft pallet. The only increase in weight is the pallet tare weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb).

M-6

ULD Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: PGA 20-ft flat pallet with net

Rate class: Type 1

Also known as: PGA, PGE, PGF, PSA, PSG, P7E, P7F, and P7G

Description: Main-deck pallet squared off to 244 cm (96 in) high.

Suitable for: 747F, 747 Combi, 777F

Maximum gross weight: 11,340 kg (25,000 lb)

Tare weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb)

AS1825 volume: 33.7 m3 (1,190 ft3)

M-6

ULD Daily Logistics

IATA ULD code: PGA 10-ft high, 20-ft flat pallet with net

Rate class: Type 1

Also known as: PGA, PGE, PGF, PSA, PSG, P7A, P7E, P7F, and P7G

Description: Main-deck pallet squared off to 299.7 cm (118 in) high.

Suitable for: 747 Combi,747F through side cargo door only

Maximum gross weight: 11,340 kg (25,000 lb)

Tare weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb)

AS1825 volume: 39.6 m3 (1,400 ft3)

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