What is HS Code?
Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System is commonly known as the HS Code or Harmonized System. The World Customs Organisation (WCO) has introduced and maintains the HS codes to identify products in international trade.
What is the use of Harmonized System Codes?
A language also has subgroups among its users. For example, native users of a language use different words to name the same product based on the region or the province they live in. When it comes to international trade different countries can have several names for the same product. In such situations, there can be disputes between shippers and consignees as well as among different authorities like the border control body. Due to the misunderstanding, there could be situations where the consignee receives goods differed from what he has ordered. Or the taxes differ from what has expected.
To avoid these types of miscommunications WCO has introduced one common language to identify goods in the international market, which is HS codes. When the consignee mentions the product with the HS code shipper knows exactly the consignee’s requirement so the customs officers. Normally HS code of the product mentions under the BL description too for easy reference of the border controllers. This will keep both the customs officers and CHA‘s life at ease.
Border control bodies impose taxes and duties on the products by considering the HS code.
How to Classify Numbers in HS Code?
WCO has introduced 6 digits for an HS code. But they have allowed countries to have their national level subheadings after the 6 digits.
Some countries have online Harmonized System code finders as below
There are tables in the HS code book. These tables have the HS codes in a sequence. Each chapter of the HS book has tables defining the code for each product. These codes can be read as mentioned earlier and each chapter has a marking system for easy understanding. The said markings are as below.
– HS Heading
— HS Subheading
— National Subheading
—- National Subheading
How to Identify the HS Code Correctly (Step by Step)?
HS codes book has 21 main sections. First, you have to read the section headings and identify the correct section, which your goods will fall. Now you know the correct section!
Once you turn the selected section page, you can find there are some section notes and chapter notes. Please read them.
Okay. With the notes, you can identify whether the commodity you are looking for is under the table in the sections or excluded from the table.
If the commodity is excluded, it’s in the Harmonized System code basket. Directly read the basket.
If it’s not excluded start reading the headings of the chapters.
Found the correct chapter?
Start reading the headings under the selected chapter.
Select a suitable heading.
You are doing it right!
Now start reading the subheadings under the selected heading.
Select the HS code under the subheading section
Still, have Confusions on Selecting the Harmonized System Code?
There are some guidelines listed by WCO namely “General Rules”. Please refer them to resolve your problems.
Need Further Clarifications in HS Code Selection?
You have one last reading. Please refer to the “Explanatory Notes”.
What happens If Customs Officer doesn’t Agree with your HS Code at Clearance?
You have selected the Harmonized System code and ready for international shipping. You will have an issue if the customs don’t agree with the HS code you have used at the clearance. If you and the customs officers are unable to negotiate the dispute, you can share your issue with the “Customs Classification Department” and resolve the issue.
Couldn’t Finalise the Harmonized System Code with the classification department?
There is one last party you can raise your grievances. It is the “Harmonised HS Code Committee in WCO”. You can refer your dispute to them. They will evaluate your concern and decide the correct HS code for the product. Their decision will be the final and you won’t be able to challenge it. No more negotiations, please!